One of the things that come to mind when we hear Civilization is “Prosperity”. So many times in history Civilization has meant progress but it has also meant a lot of things to many cultures through the ages.
The notion of world history as a succession of “civilizations” is an entirely modern one. Now the question is; Is Nigeria truly enjoying the characteristics of a civilized society?
Nigeria among other African nations is the primitive civilizations of the world forced to serve the better and greater civilizations. It is true yet pathetic that with all the potentials and resources, Nigerians and other Africans still live like Nomads always in search of ways to migrate to the other parts of the world where it is easier to survive.
If there is no surplus and barely enough to go round, what are the chances of survival? The leading economies of the world today all have one thing in common, Surplus and that is why it is easy for them to export whatever they want including their cultures to this part of the world.
A civilization can be defined as any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment. Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labour, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming and expansionism.
Historically, civilization has often been understood as a larger and “more advanced” culture, in contrast to smaller, supposedly primitive cultures. From that definition, most people will agree that almost every part of the world is civilized given the conditions and characteristics.
The major factor responsible for Urban revolution is the ability of the early men to change from migration and moving from place to place in search of food and shelter to sedentism which is the domestication of grains and animals and development of lifestyles that facilitated economies of scale and accumulation of surplus production by certain social sectors.
Africa has been traced to be the birth of civilization according to scientific facts. The earliest stages of human evolution are believed to have begun in Africa about seven million years ago as a population of African apes evolved into three different species: gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans. Protohumans, as early humans are known, evolved about 2.5 million years ago and had larger brains and stood nearly upright.
From prehistoric Africa, humans spread to populate much of the world by 10,000 b.c., Some of the world’s first great empires originated in northern Africa around 4000 b.c. when Egypt began to develop. To read more about AFRICAN CIVILIZATION, click on this link, https://wp.me/paqNqd-Mk.
Nigeria is not different from the rest of the African countries when it comes to understanding their cultures and modern civilizations. The fact that the country has a poorly recorded history before the Colonial era compounds to the problem of understanding the pre-colonial civilization.
It is no wonder why all the language symbols used in the country in this modern era are the alphabets from the English dictionary. When looking at it from another perspective, Nigeria is divided into two major parts and one part is owned by the Arabs (Muslims) while the other is owned by the Europeans (Christians). Both the Arabs and the Europeans did nothing to try to preserve the vast number of cultures in Nigeria.
The colonial masters used many strategies and they started by asking for the renunciation of their gods and favored the foreign ones by painting one evil and the other good, now years later it is funny that the children would wear the costume and outfits of the Norse European god “Thor” and wouldn’t even dare put on a “Sango” outfit even though the two wield the same power and represent almost the same gods in different cultures.
Secondly, the colonial masters changed the way the locals are dressed and clothed just to look like foreigners, that’s why you will see a Nigerian Moslem dressed up as an Arab and a Nigerian Christian dressed up like a European all in the name of religion.
If the normal paths of society in the search of modern civilization are followed then it is attainable, it just needs to be done the right way and Nigeria can still be what it is destined to be a great nation. We have to practice true sedentism whereby we produce and domesticate what we need to survive and also store the rest for economic growth. All civilizations have depended on agriculture for subsistence, and not only that alone but also economic expansions. Grain farms can result in accumulated storage and a surplus of food, particularly when people use intensive agricultural techniques such as artificial fertilization, irrigation, and crop rotation. Grain surpluses have been especially important because grain can be stored for a long time.
A surplus of food permits some people to do things besides produce food for a living and other people with specialized careers. A surplus of food results in a division of labor and a more diverse range of human activity, a defining trait of civilizations. The surplus will also ensure that there is enough time to do some other things which are important for societal development and promotion of culture. It is hard to advertise a culture when those who are supposed to hype it go out to beg for food and get dispersed all over the world, this result in trading the cultural values, inculcating and blending with the foreign cultures.
All other industries and sectors are dependent on food production to thrive; the movie industry, music industry, technology industry, education sector, and even the political industry.